All About Nebulizers

Nebulizers are commonly heard and used devices in the current scenario. But do you know what they actually are? What is the purpose of having or using a nebulizer? Nebulizer types, application, price and other features?

Swayam Care is an Indian manufacturer of medical health devices. Producing devices of top-notch quality at an affordable price is our ultimate aim. Here, we have provided answers to all your queries about nebulizers through this mini-guide. Before going ahead, do check out on Healthcare devices you must have at home by Swayam Care

What is a Nebulizer/Nebulizer Machine?

Nebulizers refer to the device that basically delivers drugs directly into our lungs in the form of aerosols or mist. Its use cases vary in a large manner and are compatible with an individual of any age group. A doctor recommends nebulization for patients having trouble in breathing or a respiratory disorder.

Types of Nebulizers

Nebulizer classifications are based on the components used and the working mechanism. They are:

1. Jet Nebulizer-

These are the commonly observed type of devices. It comprises an AC motor and requires either battery or electric supply to be operated. Compression of air is followed by high-velocity airflow. This enables aerosol production from the liquid drug. It is then provided to the patient through mouth, nose-piece or mask. Jet nebulizers weren’t portable type previously. Due to this manufacturers produced it with lower weight figures. Now, it is quick, effective and easy to set-up, but has no control over noise production.

2. Ultrasonic Nebulizer-

They consist of an electronic oscillator and piezoelectric element working hand in hand. The former produces ultrasonic waves while the latter detects them. And this detection induces the production of high-frequency mechanical vibration. Since this setup is quite near the liquid drug reservoir, it also triggers the generation of vapours. The patient then inhales it. It overrules jet nebulizers in terms of silent working and weight. Due to this, it has more convenient portability features. The only drawback is that the particle or vapour produced is larger in size when compared to the previous type. And so, this is not suitable for children. Depending on the model, they might also be expensive.

Nebulizer types

3. Mesh Nebulizer

As the name suggests, they are nebulizers that comprise a vibrating mesh. The mesh/membrane used to have 1000 to 7000 holes in them. This mesh is positioned near the liquid drug reservoir. So, when the drug passes through it, they come out in their smallest form. Its mechanism is pretty much similar to that of ultrasonic nebulizers. Excellent productivity, silent working and compact structure are the features that make them the perfect nebulizer to be in use. If not for its expensive rate, they would have been the aptest and feasible nebulizer.

Nebulizer Usage Instructions

There is no complex process to be followed. The equipment is designed to be user-friendly. It needs only minimal requirements such as a socket. The instructions are jotted down below. Beginners will find it to be quite helpful. Follow the steps in the same order.

  1. Ensure that your hands and surroundings are clean before you start.
  2. Place the compressor unit in a flat, stable and steady surface.
  3. Pour the drug into the liquid container. Maintain the doses as per the doctor’s instructions.
  4. Establishing necessary connections between the container and the compressor unit. Attach the mouthpiece or mask.
  5. Switch on the device and ensure that its working is proper. Check it through the observation of aerosol or mist production.
  6. On confirming the same, put on the mouthpiece or mask. Inhale and exhale deeply at a slow rate. Avoid taking short breaths.
  7. The medication time usually ranges between 5 to 15 minutes. The duration is based on the patient age and intake dosage.
  8. Switch off the device and detach the parts. Clean it up instantly.
  9. Be careful about the container position. That’s because it must be upright all the time. Inverting or shaking may lead to leakage.
  10. Also, if you observe improper functioning or leakage do refer a technician. The nebulizer is either repaired or has to be replaced.

Purpose of Nebulization

This equipment is vital for patients who have problems in their lungs or the airway passages. Patients with asthma and other breathing problems require this device to get immediate medication. Corticosteroids and Bronchodilators are the classes of drugs in use. The former tackle inflammation oriented problems. And on the other hand, the latter handles shrank passages. Other options such as tablet intake also exist but are not as quick and effective as nebulization.

Maintenance and Care of Nebulizers

Maintenance is yet another vital factor to consider and implement. It is mandatory to clean the setup after every use. Not doing so may result in fungal formation on prolonged use. Given below are few steps that might be of some help.

  • Remove the detachable parts so as to enhance the cleaning process.
  • Rinse the parts in warm water along with mild liquid dish soap.
  • Once everything is thoroughly cleansed, attach them back. Switch on the nebulizer for drying them up. Keeping it aside to dry naturally is also fine.
  • Disinfecting or cleaning the device are same but uses different soap solution.

Nebulizer Price

The price range usually falls around INR 100 to 10,000. The prices vary depending on the type, model, additional features and accessories. It totally depends on the individual’s choice since nebulizers are budget-friendly.

Pros and Cons of Nebulizers

Easy accessibility, portability, simple usage instructions and compact structure promotes its utilization in health sectors. Due to these, there are various other places than just clinics and hospitals, where nebulizer finds its use.

Nothing comes perfect and hence, there is always room for improvements. Low portability and longer medicine delivery time, in comparison to inhalers, are few aspects that can improve.

Adult Nebulization

The Final Word

Nebulizers are indeed a hassle-free and utilitarian device. Their place in the health sector is irreplaceable. Its simplicity in overall aspect makes it a user-friendly product. Hope this blog helped you get a step closer to what you searched for.

References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324947

https://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/default.htm

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